Peneliti Iran Mengembangkan Pestisida Berskala Nano (nanopestisida) yang Lebih Aman

1779155TEHERAN (MNA) – Peneliti Iran telah mengembangkan pestisida (obat pembasmi hama) yang lebih efektif dan sedikit pengaruhnya terhadap kerusakan lingkungan dengan meneliti  formulasi nano yang baru (a new nano formulation). Formulasi yang  diteliti oleh Dr Mohammad Ghadamyari, seorang peneliti dan dosen pada Universitas Guilana, itu  menghasilkan peningkatan kualitas  pestisida  secara  lebih efektif  dan lebih bersih (kurang polutif), yang bermanfaat  untuk membasmi berbagai jenis hama.

Dalam penelitian yang didanai oleh Yayasan Sains Nasional Iran (Iran National Science Foundation /INSF) itu, formulasi  nano “photodegradable”  dan  “biocompatible  dari  imidacloprid   dan  indoxacarb  digunakan  dengan  enkapsulasi langsung masing-masing dari keduanya terhadap kopolimer-kopolimer (copolymers) poli  asam sitrat dendritik linear (linear  dendritic  poly  citric  acid), poli etilen glikol linear (linear poly  ethylene  glycol), dan poli asam sitrat linear (linear  poly  citric  acid)  atau PCA-PEG-PCA.

Dari penelitian tersebut didapatkan hasil bahwa akibat dari pengaruh perlambatan yang ditimbulkan pestisida skala nano (nano-pesticide), maka penyemprotan yang berlebihan dan pencemaran lingkungan menjadi berkurang, dan juga dampak bahaya terhadap organisme yang bukan menjadi sasaran  (pembasmian) bisa tereduksi.

Selain itu, degradasi yang lebih cepat dari formulasi nano, secara signifikan menurunkan jumlah waktu berinteraksi dengan lingkungan, yang menjadikannya sebagai pilihan pestisida yang lebih aman.

Hasil penelitian tersebut dipresentasikan dalam empat makalah (papers) yang dipublikasikan dalam Jurnal Ecotoxicology dan Keamanan Lingkungan (Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety  Journal), Jurnal Proses dan Pengaruh Ilmu Lingkungan (Environmental Science Processes and Impacts  Journal), Jurnal Kelestarian Invertebrata (Invertebrate Survival Journal), dan Jurnal Masyarakat Entomologi Iran (Journal of Entomological Society of Iran). [**]


Diterjemahkan dan diedit dari (Rabu, 29 Juli 2015 – 16:04) oleh

Wa Ode Zainab Zilullah Toresano dan Tim Penerjemah (Ahad, 2/8/2015).

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